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How Does Something Become a Law

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bill-indianaPer the United States Constitution, a Bill can become a Law once it has been introduced and approved through various government departments.

A Bill is a proposed law under consideration by a legislature. A Law is a rule enforced through social institutions to govern society’s behavior.

A Bill begins once an individual member of Congress submits to a member of the constituent or a group of constituents. A Bill can also be submitted to a member of Congress by a state legislature. Likewise, the President and the Presidential administration may suggest a Bill’s introduction.

Once a Bill is introduced to Congress, it is assigned to the appropriate Committee within the House and the Senate. A Bill is given scheduled hearings in order for Subcommittees to vote whether or not a Bill should be defeated or passed.

If a Bill is passed to the House and Senate, the Bill is considered and debated upon. This provides the departments discussion time to propose amendments to the Bill.

When a Bill is passed in conference in Congress, the Bill is taken to the Speaker of the House and the President for signature. If a Bill is not signed within a 10 day period, the Bill becomes Law. If a Bill is vetoed, or the Bill is killed, per say, the President’s veto is sent back to Congress with the President’s objections. The Bill is then reworked or dies.

After the President signs a Bill for approval or if the 10 day period has lapsed, the Law is taken to the Archivist of the United States where the Law is assigned a number and published. The Law is also distributed to the United States Statutes of Large and the United States Code where the Law is documented for further distribution and application.

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Seal Your Past: Juvenile Record Sealing Information

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As a young adult, mistakes can occur. These mistakes can follow you into your adulthood as you apply for employment and higher levels of education.

With 80% of employers conducting background checks and 66% of universities inquiring about convictions, according to the Center for Community Alternatives, sealing your juvenile record can increase the likelihood of achieving your goals as an adult.

The first step to determining if your case is eligible for a juvenile record sealing begins by reviewing if your case meets the necessary requirements.

Depending on the state your case occurred in, requirements can vary, although across most states a juvenile record sealing requires that you:

  • Must be at least 18 years old
  • Must not have pending charges
  • Must have paid all fines and restitution
  • Must have completed all terms and conditions of court ordered probation

To evaluate if your juvenile record is eligible for a sealing, visit RecordGone.com to complete the free eligibility test or call an attorney licensed to practice law in PA.

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Proposed Change in Pennsylvania Law

Proposed Change in Pennsylvania Law

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Senate Bill 391 expands expungement law to include misdemeanors of the second and third degree; however, not all misdemeanors of the second and third degree are eligible to be expunged. Not only do they have to be a qualifying offense, but the person must also have been free of arrest or prosecution following termination for the sentence for seven to ten years. Additionally, misdemeanors in the second degree are only eligible if the offense was committed when the person was 25 years old or younger.

There is a SB391 support website that you can subscribe to for more information: http://pa-expungement-now.com

The bill lists certain offenses that are not eligible. Those offenses are:

  • Any offense listed under section 913 (possession of a firearm or dangerous weapon in court) in the third degree
  • A violation of section 2701 (assault) in the second degree
  • A violation of section 3219 (relating to sexual intercourse with an animal)
  • A violation of section 4912 (relating to impersonating a public servant)
  • A violation of section 4952 (relating to intimidation of public servant)
  • A violation of section 4953 (relating to retaliation against witness, victim, or party)
  • A violation of section 5511 (relating to cruelty to animals)
  • A violation of any provision in chapter 61 (relating to firearms)
  • Any violation which requires registration under 42 Pa.C.S. Ch. 97(H)
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Changes in Expungement Law in Pennsylvania

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senator-tim-solobay-bill-introduceOn February 12, 2013, Senate Bill 391 was introduced by State Senator Tim Solobay and, if passed, will allow for more leniency in expungement law. The current Pennsylvania law stated that crimes other than summary offenses cannot be expunged until the offender turned 70 years old or has been deceased for more than three years. The new Bill would allow individuals who have misdemeanors of the 2nd and 3rd degree to apply to have their criminal records if they have not reoffended in ten years for 2nd degree misdemeanors, and seven years for 3rd degree misdemeanors.

Senator Tim Solobay is adamant about getting this Bill to pass after similar legislation, Senate Bill 1220, did not make it to a floor vote. Senator Solobay announced that the major intent of this Bill is to offer more opportunities for former offenders to find jobs. He believes that his will prevent those with a criminal history from reoffending. Those who are eligible for expungement can remove the stigma that follows a criminal judgment, which will allow them to continue living their life in a positive manner.

This bill does not apply to offenses punishable by more than one year in prison or pertaining to certain forms of assault, sex offense, cruelty to animals, firearms offenses, and certain other crimes. Expungement will be granted solely at the discretion of the court.

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Felony and Misdemeanor Expungement for Pennsylvania

Felony and Misdemeanor Expungement for Pennsylvania

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Even if you were arrested and no charges were filed, you have a criminal record for life. That record can cause you to be unfairly prejudiced when you apply for jobs or housing. A simple arrest can cause you to have a record a several state law enforcement agencies.

When a person is arrested in Pennsylvania, that arrest record is transmitted to various law agencies. The local police, county police, state police and federal government all share information about the arrest and conviction.

Criminal records can haunt a person for life. Unless the record is expunged, it can cause a lifetime of problems when doing things most people do like applying for a job or traveling abroad.

See If You Are Eligible for Pennsylvania Expungement
Expungement laws are often complex and determining if you are eligible for expungement is not easy. Make sure to consult a licensed attorney. Do not let anyone tell you that you are not eligible unless they are an attorney who knows Pennsylvania expungement law. You can take a free online expungement eligibility test created by lawyers at RecordGone.com

Research Shows Growing Need for Expungement And Record Sealing Laws
A recent study by the prestigous Pew Research firm shows that one in every 31 adults in the United States is in the corrections system, which includes jail, prison, probation and supervision, more than double the rate of a quarter century ago. The report was released in March of 2009.

The study, which said the current rate compares to one in 77 in 1982, concluded that with declining resources, more emphasis should be put on community supervision, not jail or prison.

A natural consequence of this study is that there is a need for states to have laws to allow a select few of these people to have their criminal conviction expunged or sealed. Expungement and record sealing allows deserving people to have a second second chance and can greatly reduce the likelihood that a person will reoffend.

Seek a Specialized Expungement Attorney
Any Pennsylvania attorney can represent you in court, but selecting a specialized expungement greatly increases your chances of a successful expungement. An attorney that specializes in expungement knows the rules and procedures of the Pennsylvania courts, and is able to expunge your record sooner for a lower price.

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